The Amery's (or Emery's) first ancestor in England was Gilbert D'Amery, a Morman knight of Tours, who in 1066, fought at Hasting with William the Conqueror's chieftains are recorded, gives the name as Damery.
Gilbert D'Amery received large landed estates from William the Conqueror. He owned Thackington, and half a dozen manors near Oxford, which were held by his descendants until 1379, when the 3rd Baron Richard D'Amery died. The long dwelt at Berkwell manor, ten miles from Oxford, where still stands the church they built. The property went by heiresses to other names but John represented the country in parliament last as 1432. Another John settled in Devon, and his heir held the manor of White Chapel at Bishops Nympton, which Frances, the heiress of William carried to Edward Gibbon, who's tablet, at Tiverton, is dated 1707.
Thomas Emery, citizen and upholder, of London, left a will, dated May 11, 1533, proved June 2, 1534 bequeathinhis soule to God, the Virgin Mary &c., and desiring to be buried in the churchyard of St. Michael, Cornhill, London.
Edward Emery, Mary at Rooting county Essex, gent., will dated Oct. 30., 1637, proved Jan. 15 1641, names elder brother Thomas Emery, and appoints his younger brother Anthony Emery, his executor.
The Herald's Visitation of Essex, 1634, contains the following: "Thomas Emry als Amery of Little Baddow co. Essex, Thomas Emery of Little Baddow eldest son, mar. Mary dau. of Folliett of qu Filliot Oldhall in Rayne. Thomas Emery of Little Baddow co. Essex 1634 mar. Jane dau. of Bayley of Wadesmill co. Hertford; children Edward, Anthony, Mary, Elisabeth."
Thomas Emery, son of Robert and Miss Elliot, held estates near Bristol. He married the daughter of the nineteenth Lord Kerry. His brother Jonathan came to Carolina as advocate-general and treasure. His daughter Sarah married Gov. Arthur Middleton. His son Thomas settled in Boston.
Edwards, in his life of Sir Walter Raleigh, quotes a letter from John Hooker to Sir Walter: "Your ancestor, Sir John de Raleigh, married the daughter of D'Amerie of Clare, Clare of King Edward the first, which Clare, by his father, descended of King Henry."
In a column of French history it is said that when Napoleon had resolved to negotiate "Avec Rome pour retablir' L'ancien cutle" his first advances were sous la direction religiruse du respectable abbe Emery, superireur general de saint sulspice."
Extracted from Reminiscences of a Newburyport Nonagenarian by Sarah Anna Emery (1879) pg. 134-5.
Emery is both an ancient and historic name. In the "Doom's Day Book", 1086, of those of the Norman French Family D'Amery, who followed the Conqueror to England, are recorded as landed proprietors in Oxford an Devon, in the medieval Latin as Haimericus. At present the Emery's of England, as a rule, use the orthographic form, most prevalent in the United Sates, though some as here, prefer Amery or Amory...The name isn't rare in France; there its usual forms are Amory, Emery, and D'Emery. The name foes not appear in France previous to the Norman invasion of Gaul. It was brought with the fierce followers of Rollo, gathered from Norway, Sweden, Denmark and some of the North German provinces, who in the early part of the tenth century invaded the beautiful land of Neustra, and wrested it from Charles the Simple, changing the name to Normandy. It has been claimed that the practice of giving "sir" names originated in Normandy, and was transported to Great Britain at the time of the Conquest. The name Emery, or its equivalent, however, appears in Europe as early as the fourth century, where it is found in Switzerland, Spain, Italy, and it is well known in Germany, Emmerich, and ancient fortified town of Germany, derived its name from Count Embric or Emeric.
Anderson (Sirnames) Edinburgh, 1865 says "From Amalarich (exalted ruler) - Gothic - has come descended in regular transformation, Amalric, Amaury, Aimery, Ermenrich, and Emmerich, the English names Amory, D' Amery, Damer, and Emery."
Dixon in his "surnames" says: "Emery (F), Armanaricks (Go.), Most exalted or universal ruler. The Gothic name changed to Armanarich, Ermararich, Ermenrich, ect.; and from it were probably derived the English surnames, Emerich, Emeryke, and sometimes Emery. The forename of the Italian Vespucci was also a corruption of the name if a king of the Goths in the fourth century."
Americus is not properly a corruption of the original Gothic but rather it legitimate Latinized form. Another author (M. A. Lowe, Patoonymica Britaninica) writes: " From the personal name Emeric, Almericus, equivalent to the Italian Amerigo, Latinized Americus, whence the name of the great western continent, It seems to have undergone the following changes: Emeric, Emery, Amery, Amary, Ammary, and in the Doomsday Book Haimericus. It is asserted that the family of D'Amery came to England with the Conqueror for Tours."
The following statement appears in " English Sir-names, their source and signification", by Charles W. Bailey, Am. M., London, 1875: "EMERY, though now utterly forgotten as a personal name, may be said to live only in our sir names. It was once no unimportant sobriquet, Americ, Almeric, Emeric, and Eimeric, seem to have been original spellings in England and thus at least, it is more likely to remind us that it is the same name to which, in the Italian form of Amerigo, we owe the title of that vast expanse of Western territory which is do indissolubly connected with English industry and English interests."
While it is true that Emery is not used as a personal or given name in England, it is frequently so used in the Eastern United States or America. All things considered, the name in question my be fairly claim rank amongst the most remarkable in the whole range of personal nomenclature.
This came from, Reminiscences of a Newburyport, Nonagenarian by Sarah Anna Emery (1879) pg. 149-50.
John and Anthony Emery both carpenters, came from Romsey, co., Hants, England, embarked of the James at Southampton in 1635 for New England. The former settled at Newbury, Ma. and the latter at Kittery, Me. In Jan. 1935 Miss Marian K. Dale a former assistant of Miss Lillian J. Redstone and now engaged in independent genealogical research, examined the parish records of Romsey, with the object of obtaining all entries at the proper period under the name Emery and its variants. Miss Dale states that the vicar of Romsey said to her: "Almost everybody who have
searched the register has been looking for Emery's". It seems a pity that this work should be constantly repeated and therefore the results of Miss Dale's search are set forth below. The Romsey Registers begin in the year 1569 and were examined for all entries until 1635 and for burials until 1640.
1594 Jun. 16 - - John Emery buried
1597 Oct. 24 - - Thomas Emery and Thomasine Carter married
1599 Nov. 29 - - John Emery s/o John Emery baptized
1601 Aug. 29 - - Anthony Emery s/o John Emery baptized
1601 Sep. 7 - - - Ellin Emery baptized
1604 Oct. 6 - - - Hugh Emery s/o John Emerye baptized
1610 Sep. 14 - - Margery Emory buried
1624 Nov. 7 - - Helena d/o John Emmorie baptized
1626 Nov. 1 - - - Anne Emry buried
1627 Jun. 25 - - John Emry buried
1628 Feb. 3 - - - John s/o John Emry baptized (1628/9)
1631 Sep. 18 - - James s/o Anthony Emry baptized
1632 Mar. 18 - - Anne d/o John Emry baptized (1632/3)
As the registers contain no Emery entries between 1569 and 1594 it seems certain that this family came to Romsey from some other parish about the latter date. Miss Dale also examined Emery wills and administrations (1502-1652) in the various probate registries for Hampshire at Winchester and found nothing which related to the Emery family of Romsey. A copy of a Hampshire subsidy roll (1620-28) in the office of Alfred Trego Butler, Windsor herald at the College of Arms, lists Emery's in the parish of N. Baddesley, Besterns, Liphan, and Middletown and Forton but none in Romsey. Miss Dale also examined the Romsey portion of the Hampshire subsidies of 36 Elizabeth (174/418) and 40 Elizabeth (174/448), Rentals and surveys and 33 Elizabeth (D. L. Misc. Br. 116) and court rolls of Romsey 3,31,35,40 Elizabeth (Portf. 201/42,43,46) all in the public record office, and the account rolls of the manor of Romsey 1358-50 (Harleian rolls I,13,Fo 22 and I, 14) in the British Museum, and found no reference to Emery.
From the entries in the register it appears that the emigrants were the brother John and Anthony Emery, baptized 1599 and 1602 respectively sons of John who was buried in 1627. Both brothers married before coming to New England. James son of Anthony baptized in 1631 was with his father at Kittery. Of the children of John Emery, emigrant, Helena, baptized in 1624 was doubtless Eleanor who married John Bailey of Newbury and Anne baptized 1632/3 married Newbury, November 25, 1653 James Ordway.
Romsey is a rare old town in Hampsire (Hants), on the river Esk (the Aulton of the Roman period). The broad, but winding and shallow cale is indescribably beautiful, with its manors and cottages amidst the slumbersome foliage, its wheat meadows, green slopes, and crystal "Auton water". Flocks of flocks of southdowns dot the pasture swells, and myraids of sparrows sweep around the rippening grain acres. Toward Southhampton streches the superd park and forest of "Broadlands", the seat of Lord Palmerston. Beyond is the old medievil town; the great square tower of the abbey church St. Mary's towering above the quiant buildings, with walls and buttressed bridge of high arches spanning the gleaming river. In the churchyard of the old abbey (one of the oldest in England, a part of the walls having been erected in the twelfth century, by Henry De Blois, bishop of Wichester) repose the dust of successive generations of Emery's and within its time-honored walls Anthony and John Emery were baptised...It was from the worship in this ancient pile that the forefathers seceded to join the sect of puritans. The Emery's are still represented in Romsey. A John Emery recently deceased there, who counted his descent from an ancestor in the middle ages.
This came from, Reminiscences of a Newburyport, Nonagenarian by Sarah Anna Emery (1879) pg. 135-6.
Here would be the appropriate place to enter some history of the Abbey where the Emery records are found. This is provided from a phamphlet received in 1994 at that time the Vicar was Revd. N. Crawford Jones. The only address given is: The Vicarage, Romsey Hants S051 8EN
God has been worshipped on this site for well over a thousand years, and in this building for 850 of them. It is a place sanctified by the prayers of generations of Christians. It is a place of prayer and pilgrimage today. Much more than a superb piece of architecture with a long and fascinating history, it is the living house of prayer for the people of the town and parish of Romsey. More recently it has also become the last resting place of the Fleet Earl Mountbatten of Burman.
Romsey Abbey was founded by a King. Its was the place one of the Queens of England was educated. It is visited by Kings and Queens today.
The Abbey is on of Europe's finest Norman buildings. It was originally built as a nunnery and the Lady Chapel was demolished in 1539 at the dissolution of the nunnery. It is ruled over by two saints.
The Abbey traditionally was a Saxon wooden church which some remains of the Anglo-Saxon Church and foundation still exists. The Abbey was rebuilt in stone during the 11th and 12th centuries and has been beautified by successive generations.
The Abbey was sold to the parishioners of Romsey in 1544 and has been the towns parish church ever since.
1) Stand near the LARGE FONT under the great West Window of the Abbey and look towards the High Alter. Most of the Church was built in the Norman style (round arches). Now proceed round the Abbey in a counter-clockwise direction
2) EMBROIDERED CURTAIN, designed and made locally in 1966 showing saints with their traditional symbols
3) SOUTH TRANSEPT: note the grave of Earl Mountbatted of Burma, the St. Barbe monument (Cromwellian) and the Purbeck marble effigy (13th century)
4) THREADGOLD TREASURY, containing some of the Abbey's most valuable possessions.
5) NORMAN CAPITAL on last pillar on left of St. Ann'es Chapel (look up): keep an eye open for others.
6) SAXON ROOD (or cross) behind the altar, dating from about the year 960. The white light indicates the Reserved Sacrament for the communion of the sick and dying.
7) 12th century WALL PAINITING (restored 1976) to the right of the altar of St. Mary. The 'Romsey rose' seen in the Treasury was found behind this painting.
8) The FLOOR TILES in from of the altar in St. George's Chapel were made 700 years ago and depict the crusades.
9) Look across the chancel at the magnificent NORMAN ARCHES, three stories high, built about 1130, Orand by Walker built 1858, rebuilt 1888, restored 1975.
10) BROADLANDS PEW (opposite the organ) used till his death by Lord Mountbatten, and still by member of his family.
11) Behind the choir screen on the north side are remains of the ANGLO-SAXON church which once stood on this site.
12) Italian style painted REREDOS (c. 1500) behind the altar of S. Lawrence's Chapel.
13) FONT (mid 19th century) in the north aisle; this area was used as part of the townspeople's church in the Mediaeval period.
14) TOMB of ALICE TAYLOR (close to main font) she was the daughter of a local doctor.
15) Outside the Abbey on the south side is the site of the Cloisters and domestic buildings of the nunnery.
16) On the west wall of the south transept, the 11th century, Rood shows Jesus as the Lord who reigns, with the "hand of God" coming down from a cloud above.
17) The site of the LADY CHAPEL demolished 1539 at the dissolution of the nunnery.
18) On the North of the Abbey, beneath the present north aisle wall are the foundations of the Anglo-Saxon porticus or north transept.
EMERY OF HUGUENOT BLOOD
by George F. EMERY
NEHGS REGISTER Jul. 1900 pgs 313-4
When the movement was inaugurated for collectingmaterials for publishing a genealogical history of the descendants of John and Anthony Emery, the Immigrants from England is 1635, it was the commonly received opinion that their ancestors came to England in 1606 as followers of William the Conqueror. Such has continued the prevalent opinion to third were of Huguenot blood and extraction, and at least sufficiently convincing to enlist investigations for determining which of these two theories is the correct one.
Smiles, in his history of the Huguenots, says that after the massacre of St. Bartholomew, which occurred Aug. 12, 1372 "along the western seaboard, at points where they felt themselves unable to make head way against they persecutors, they put to sea in ships and boats and made for England, where they landed in great numbers by Rye, at Hastings, at Southampton and the artisans and skilled labor class, whose means of living are in variably imperiled by a state of Civil War; and they fled into England to endeavor if possible to pursue their respective callings in peace, while they worshiped God according to their conscience. Few of the refugees brought any property with them, he adds, the greater number being destitute. But very many of them brought, that kind of wealth which money could not buy -- many of them intelligence, skill, virtue, and the spirit of independence." Between Aug. 27 and Nov. 4 six hundred and forty-one landed at, Rye, which is situated at the southwest extremity of the great Romsey Marsh.
Says the same author, under the policy of laud by which Charles I was guided, they found themselves exposed to the same kind of persecution from which they fled into England. The greater number of the non-conformist foreigners emigrated with their families into North America and swelled the numbers of the little colony already formed in Massachusetts Bay, which eventually laid the foundation of the great New England States.
In the appendix of his work among the Huguenot refugees and their descendants, is the following: "Emeiris", a refuge family of this name fled out of France at the massacre of St. Bartholomew and purchased a small property in Norfolk, which descended from father to son and is still (1868) in the possession of the family, at present represented by. W. R. Emiris Esq., of South Lincolnshire.
In 1884 was published in London "The Roll of the Huguenots settled in the United Kingdom", which embraced four hundred and sixty names. The chart containing these names is encompassed on both sides by coat of Arms to the number of thirty-five. Accompanying it is a key by Mrs. Phillip Champion Crespingy, " the preface of the following work is intended merely as a 'key' to the accompanying roll of the Huguenots; there being several large works on that most interesting subject. The chief object has been to collect the coat of arms borne by the principal families at the date of them settling in England. There are doubtless many more equally worthy of being placed on the 'roll', but owing partly to want of space and partly to the difficulty of obtaining the necessary information from the various families, the compiler has found it impossible to insert them. The short accounts in the pamphlet have been collected from the different works on the Huguenot Refugees, and from the Huguenot families (signed) Round Hill, Lyndhurst." From the Key the following is extracted: "Emery's Jean Emery was the first name who settled in England. He fled from Lague in Champagne, where the St. Bartholomew’s Day, and settled at Southwood in Norfolk, where descendants still own property they obtained by marriage."
In this connection it maybe stated that John and Anthony before coming to this country, evidently resided in the vicinity where the French refugees made their new home, near Southampton, whence they embarked from in "the good ship 'James' in 1635, for Boston" next as to the name Rev. Rufus Emery, President of the Emery Association in the annual address of 1897, demonstrated the fact that the name isn't originally British.
The late Thomas C. Amory, in a learned paper read to the Emery tribe at one of it's earliest gatherings, came to the same conclusion after a searching investigation,and showing that the modern Amory and Emery were of the same stock. Those who are familiar with the genealogical history of the Emery family can't fail to have observed that the given name John has been very prominent all along the line corresponding with Jean, the reputed first settler in England.
Again John and Anthony were of the so-called middle-class, neither rich nor poor, carpenters by trade, dependent upon peace and good order for favorable opportunity to pursue their life work, also corresponding with the description given by Smiles of the Huguenot Refugees. In religion, they were independents, and great sticklers for the rights of conscience, not only for themselves but for others, especially Quakers, whom they befriended and for which they were persecuted and punished. They, as did the Huguenots, exported themselves from their native land, that they might enjoy religious freedom and were not of those who claimed it for themselves with the added privilege of persecuting those who differed from them. In short they possessed all the characteristics of the Huguenots, and which in a marked degree have been transmitted to their New England prosperity.
The conclusion is therefore almost forced upon us that blood of the Huguenots still flows in the veins of the New England Emery's.
After the 1982 printing of the "Revised Genealogical Records of Descendants of John Emery of Newbury, Ma." a correspondent sent me an English lineage of our Emery's but offered no sources to validate what he sent and on other data than what is set forth below. This first English lineage corresponds to the above article above from NEGHS:
Gilbert D'Emery b.
Rev. Anthony Emery Sr. of Romsey, Hants, Eng.
John Emery m. Alice Bante
John Emery m. 1) Alice Grantham; m. 2) Mary (Shatswell) Webster
The second lineage was sent in 1990-3 by Elizabeth Jean Miles Noble of 358 Collett Ct. Brentwood, Ca. 94513; phone 510-634-3791, I do believe and I think that she was going to try and do more English research on the Emery's. This line is as follows:
Thomas Emery b. 1515 Little Baddow, Essex, Eng.; m. Mary de Folliott b. 1515 Oldhall, in Rayne, Eng. He d. 1534 Little Baddow, Essex, Eng.
* Thomas Emery b. 1535 Little Baddow, Essex, Eng.
Edward Emery b. 1536
Anthony Emery b. 1538
Mary Emery b. 1540
Elzabeth Emery b. 1542
Thomas Emery b. 1535 Little Baddow, Essex, Eng.; m. 1554 Little Baddow, Essex, Eng. Jane Bayley b. c. 1535 Wadesmill, Hertsford, Eng.
John Emery b. c. 155_ Romsey, Hants, Eng.; m. [10 May 1565] 1572 St Bartholomew, Hyde, Winchester, Eng. Alice Bante; he was buried 25 Jun. 1627 Romsey, Hants, Eng.
Arms - Argen, three bars nebule, gules, in chief as many torteaux
Crest - out of a mural crown a demi horse argent, maned or, collared gules of the first
Definitions of the words used above:
Argent - silver, in color white
Nebule - clouded a term denoting that the outline of a figure run arched in and out or are waved to resemble clouds
Gules - red
Torteaux - red roundles
maned - having a mane of the specified tincture
Mural Crown - a gold circle, the rim whichrepresents a wall adorned with battlements
Studded - adorned with studs of knobs
The following is what has been given as John and Anthony's parents and siblings
John Emery and probably Alice Bante married [10 May 1565] 1572 St. Bartholomew Hyde, Winchester, England. He is probably the John Emery buried 25 Jun. 1627 Romsey, Hants, England parish records. His children as we have them to date are:
John buried 16 Jun. 1594
John b. 29 Sep. 1598 Romsey, Hants, England; bp.29 Apr. 1599
Anthony bp. 29 Nov. 1601 Romsey, Hants, England.
Ellen bp. 7 Sep. 1601 Romsey, hants, Eng.
Hugh bp. 6 Oct. 1604 Romsey, Hants,Eng.
George b. c. 1609 Romsey, Hanst, Eng.; m. ___ d.1673; d. 20 Feb. 1686/7 Salem, Essex, Ma.
Other Salem physicans were George Emery who settled in the town in 1636 and sat on the gallows with a rope around his neck in 1668, for an unnatural crime. Everyday Life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1935, Reprint 1988) Dover Publishers, NY. George Francis Dow. The following entry from the records of Rev. S. Danforth of Roxbury, Ma. for the date 5 Sep. 1668, recorded in New England Historic Genealogical Register (1880, 34:299) probably refers to the incident and implies the crime. One of Salem was Executed for murdering her child born in fornication. Doctor Emery & ye mother of ye woman sat upon ye Gallows an Hour. Quarterly Courts of Essex co. Massachusetts Vol. 1- VIII Essex Institute, Salem, Ma. 1911-21 is found that he was punished for public drunkeness a least eight times between 1667 and 1674 and for cursing and swearing in 1679.
Margery b. c. 1610-14 Romsey Hants, Hamspihre, Eng.; d. 14 Sep. 1614
Elizabeth b. Romsey, Hants, England; m. John Bailey (said to have been the imigrant to America)
NOTE: this is debatable to as Eleanor Knight has been given as wife of John Bailey who came to America leaving his wife in England and the debate is still raging as much as in was back when in 1977-1982 when I was doing the revision of John's section and thereafter in records one set of papers I receive says Eleanor Knight and the next set says Elizabeth Emery.
John Bailey the Imigrant's Family
Eleanor Knight/Elizabeth Emery m. c. 1611 John Bailey/Bayley b. 1572 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng. d. 2 Nov. 1651 s/o John and Jane Bailey; [also given as s/o Thomas].
He was one of the earliest of the name to immigrate to these western shores, is first heard of as being shipwrecked at Peaquid, (now Bristol), Me.; in the great storm of 15 Aug. 1635. Owing to this terrible experience he never re-crossed the ocean.
An account of this was found in The Essex Antiquarian Vol. 1 No. 6 Jun. 1897 pg. 93 as follows: This was the year of the great exodus from England to America...During the whole of the second week of August the wind blew from the south-southwest with considerable force. At midnight of the fourteenth of the month, its course suddenly changed by way of the southeast to the northeast, and before daybreak a northeast rain storm set in. Thecreased in violence, blowing with terrific force, and the rain fell in torrents, wid had greatly in sometimes with such fury that ill-made houses of the settler could hardly withstand its onslaughts. After the gale had continued five or six hours the wind changed to the northwest, and the tumultuous elements subsided. The wind caused the tide to rise to a height the settlers had never observed....As many vessels bearing passengers and goods to the New World were on our coast several of them were wrecked by the storm...and the ship Angel Gabriel, also from Bristol, was Dashed to pieces on Pemaquid Point....
He come from Chippenham, Eng., and was a weaver by trade. He first settled at Newbury, then just beginning, in the vicinty of Parker River.
Newbury had been settled two years, when in 1637, the venturesome and wandering spirit of John Bailey Sr., induced him to plunge further into the forest, and established a solitary home beyond the Merrimac, near the mouth of the Powow RIver.
Here he built his log cabin and taking with him William Scholar as help, settled in solitude and began to fish and cultivate the soil.
On an elevated plateau of land, at the easterly side of Bailey's Hill, on the banks of the Merrimac, are the ruins of an old cellar. It has been proved by old deeds that here was the homestead lot of John Bailey Sr., of about 50 acres, triangular in shape, and running to the Merrimac River on the westerly side, and to the Powow on the northerly side. The theory is that this property at Bailey's Hill was deserted by the immediate descendants of John Bailey, and the cabin built by him left to decay and ruin, until its very existence had passed from the knowledge and memories of the living.
John Bailey Sr. was also a fisherman and the sole right of fishing in the Powow River was granted to him. It was provided, however, that a certain proportion of the fish taken be given to the town, for in those early days fish was an important article of food.
In the year 1639 began the settlement of Golchester, afterwards called Salisbury. On the lists of names of those who had lots granted to them in the town of Colchester in the first division of land is the name of John Bailey Sr.
In the year 1651 John Bailey Sr. was sentenced by the court to return to England by the next vessel or sen for his wife to come over to him but the order was never obeyed as he died soon after.
John's will dated 28 Aug. 1651 styles John Emery Sr. of Newbury as "his brother". This would establish his wife as a sister of the Newbury settlers John and Anthony Emery.
By The Essex Anitquarian Vol. 1 No. 3 March 1897 pg. 48 is found part of John Bayley's will made on his sick bed 28 : 8 : 1652 as follows:
He devises to his son John Bayley "my house" and land in Salisbury "during his life, & after my sonnes death his second sonne Joseph Bayly is to enioy it, & if Joseph doth not live to enioy it, then his younger brother is to enioy it," Joseph paying to his oldest brother John Bayly 40. His son John Bayly, Executor, and his is to pay to "my wife, his mother," 6 annually, pvided she cometh over hiter to New england," and to pay "my son Robert 15, pvided also he comer over hither to New england," and 10 each to my daughter his sister," pvided they come over hither to new england,: etc. "I doe make my brother John Emery Fen of Nubery & mr. Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury overseers.: Signed by initials J.b. Wit: WIlliam Ilsley and John Emery, Jr. At the end is written: "likewise I doe give to WIlli Huntingtons wyfe & childeren yt. house & land yt. I bought of Vallentine Rowell," etc. Proved by the witnesses at the court in Salisbury 13 : 2 : 1652
In the Essex Antiguarian Vol. 9 Mo. 12 Dec. 1900 pg. 190 gives what I think is the full will of John Bailey as follows:
The will of John Bayly of Newbury was proved in court at Salisbury 13 : 3 : 2 : 1652. The following copy was taken from the record in the Norfolk County Deed, Volume 1, leaf 15, the orginal being missing.
The 28th of ye 8th mo (1651) This is ye lafy will: of John Bayly fen: being on his fick bed hee being yett in his right minde & fences.
ffirft I giue vnto my SOnne John Bayly hy house & land lijng & being in ye Towne of Slifbury during his life; & after my fonnes death his fecond Sonne Jofepth Bayly is to enjoy it & if Jofepth doth not live to enjoy it, then his younger brother is to enjoy it, And when Jofepth Bayly or his younger brother cometh to enioy this land he is to pay his eldft brother John Bayly fome of forty pounds as his Grandfathers guift And I do liewfe make my sonne John Bayly fole Executor of all that ever I have only my Executor is to pay to my wyfe his mother ye fome of fix ppounds a yeare duering hir life pvided fhe cometh over hither to New-england, likewife my Executor is to pay to my sonne Robert fiueteene pounds pvided alfo he come over hither to New-england likewfe my Executor is to pay to my Daugghters his fifters ye fome of Tenn pounds a peece pvided they come over hither to new-england butt in cafe the doe not come over hither butt doe fende by any mefsenger for their portions, they are to haue fiue fhillings a peece for their portions whither sonne or daughter, & all thefe fomes are to bee payed according as it can bee raifed out of my land & fftocke & likefwife it is to bee pay'd to every one of them according as ye Executor & the overfeers fhall fee caufe, And farther my Executor is to pay for ye paffages of thofe yt doe come over hither, of them whither it bee wyfe or childerem, or any of them, An farther I do giue to my sonne John Baylys childeren either of them a young beft as fonne as maybee wth conveniency, & my Sonne their father is to breed thefe beafts for eve[r]y of his Childeren till thefe beafts groeth to cowes or Oxen, & then the childeren are to hue the proffitt of them And I doe make my brother John Emery fen of Nubery & Mr. Thomas Bradbury of Saliiifbury overfeers to fee as this to bee performed In wittnefs herof I doe fett to my hand ye day, & yeare aboue written
This is ye marke (J.b.) of
Jno Bayly Senior:
John Emery Jun:
likwise I doe giue to |||willi|| Huntingtons wyfe & childeren yt houfe & land yt I bought of vallentine Rowell & do defier my overfeers to fee it made good to hir & hir childeren
Elizabeth never came to America. But John was ordered to go back to England to get her but he died before he could do so.
John Bayley of Newbury, Massachusetts , [in 1651] left and annuit of six pounds to his wife and sums of money to his children 'provided they come over hither to New England'. Bayley's executor was to pay for their passage. But if they ignored this opportunity and 'do not come over hither' they were to be virtually disinherited, with just five shillings apriece pg. 105 Coming over, Migration and Communication between ENgland and New England in the Seventeenth Century David Cressy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York 1987 (reference to the Probate Records of Essex co., Ma., Vol. 1 Salem, Ma. 1916 pg. 145).
Robert Bailey b. c.1612 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.
John Jr. Bailey b. 1613; m. c. 1640 Eleanor Emery d/o John and Alice (Grantham) Emery
Henry Bailey b. c. 1614 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.; m. Rebecca __; d. before 1670
Mary Bailey b. c. 1617 Chippenham, Wiltshire, Eng.
James Bailey b. c. 1618 Yorkshire co.,Eng.; m. 10 Aug. 1677 Lydia Emery [a widow?] b. 16 Jun. 1616 d. 29 Apr. 1704 Rowley, Ma.; d. 1641; settled Rowley, Ma. 1631; 15 years Old sailed on "Bevis" in 1635. He d. 9/10 Aug. 1677 Roweley, Ma.
Richard Bailey b. c. 1624 Yorkshire, Eng.; m. Ednah Hoslstead ?Lambert? m. 2) Ezekiel Northend
Joanna Bailey m. 1640 William Huntington of Amesbury, Ma. s/o Simon and Margaret
James Bailey b. c. 1618 Yorkshire co.,Eng.; m. 10 Aug. 1677 Lydia Emery [a widow?] b. 16 Jun. 1616 d. 29 Apr. 1704 Rowley, Ma.; d. 1641; settled Rowley, Ma. 1631; 15 years Old sailed on "Bevis" in 1635. He d. 9/10 Aug. 1677 Roweley, Ma.
John Bailey nb. 2 Feb. 1642; m. 16/17 Jun. 1668Rowley, Ma. Mary Maghill d. 10 May 1693 to 27 Mar. 1694 d/o Thomas. He d. 19 Nov. 1690
Lydia Bailey b. Nov. 1644; m. 8 May 1672 Abel Plattes
Jonathan Bailey b. Sep. 1646; bur. 27 Mar. 1665 Rowley, Ma. unm. aet 20
Demarius Bailey b. 17 Jan. 1648/9; m. 8 May 1672 Thomas Leaver Jr.
James Bailey b. 15 Jan. 1650; m. 12 May 1680 Elizabeth Johnson b. 16 Jan. 1659 d. 12 Sep. 1743 d/o John and Hannah Crosby) Johnson He d. 20 Mar. 1714/5. Res. Rowley, Ma.
Thomas Bailey b. 1 Jun. 1653; prob. d. unm. before 1677
Samuel Bailey b. 10 Aug. 1655 Rowely, Ma.; bur. 28 Nov. 1657
Samuel Bailey b. 6 Nov. 1658; s.p.
Richard Bailey b. c. 1624 Yorkshire, Eng.; m. Ednah Hoslstead ?Lambert? m. 2) Ezekiel Northend.
His will is found the the Essex Antiquarian Vol. 3 No. 6 Jul. 1899 as follows: The will of Richard Bailey of Rowley was proved 28 : 1 : 1648. The following is copied from the orginal on file in the office of the clerk of courts at Salem, volume I, leaf 98.
Rowley 15 of the left 1647
I Richard Baly fick in body but of perfect memory prayfed be God doe ordeine and make this my laft will and Teftament firft I comende my foule into the hands of God in faith of a ioyfull refurrection throw our Lord Jefus Chrift And as concerning my outward eftate ffirft my minde and will is that al my lawfull debts be paid and difcharged. Ite my will is that fforty and tow pounds I giue vnto my ffone Jofeph Baly but in cafe my wife fhould be with Child then my will is that the faid sum of tow and forty pounds be deuided, on one third part therof my other child fhall hue it Item my will is that my Child fhall hue a fether bedd in part of the faide portion alfo one Great Bible and Practicall Catachifme Ite my will and minde is that if my wife Edna Baly marry againe and hir hufbande proue vnlouing to the Child or Children or waftefull then I giue power to my Brother James Baly and Micael Hobkinfon with my wife hir confent to take the Child with his portion from him and so to dispofe of it for the Beft behoofe of the children with my wifes confent
Ite I giue my houfe and lott vnto my ffon Jofeph Baly after my wife hir diffeafe Ite I giue to my SOn tow ftuffe Sutes of Cloaths and my beft COate, and a Cloath fute and my beft hatt, and I giue to my Brother James Baly a Coate one paire of buck lether Breches and a paire of Bootes on litle Booke I giue to my nephew John Baly I giue vnto Thomas Palmer one Gray hatt one Cloath dublit and a old Jackit and a paire of Gray breeches Ite I make my wife Edna Baly executrix of this my laft will and Tefament.
Memoradad and I giue eleuen fhillings which is owing to me from Mr Rogers Ipfwich and Mr Johnfon vnto the poore of the Towne
In pfence of vs
He d. Feb. 1647/8 buried 16 Feb. 1647
Joseph Bailey m. Alice Trumbull d. 17 Nov. 1735 Bradford, Ma. He d. 11 Oct. 1712
Joanna Bailey m. 1640 William Huntington of Amesbury, Ma. s/o Simon and Margaret.
They were given the property written at the end of the will as follows:
John Bayly of Nuerie, weaver, with consent of wife Elnor, conveys to Joannah, wife of Willi. Huntington of Salisbury, planter, and Jno. Huntington and Mary Huntington, her son and daughter a dwelling house and land in Salisbury on the west side of the Pawwaus river, bounded by "jno. Weed & Jno. Bayley sen late of Salibury deceased," Jarret Haddon,
Richard Wells and Merrimack river, 4 : 11mo. : 1652.
Signed my mark E. Wit. Tho. Bradbury and the MB Mary Bradbury. Ack. before Sam. Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653. and also William Huntington of Sailsbury, planter, with consent of wife Joannah, conveys to Jno. Bayly, sen. of Nuberry, weaver, " my now dwelling house, and land in Salisbury on the west side of the Pawwaus river, bounded by "jno. Weed & Jno. Bayley sen late of Salisbury deceased," Jarret Haddon, Richard Wells and Merrimack river, 1 : 10mo. : 1652. Signed my mark E. Wit. Tho. Bradbury and the marke of MB Mary Bradbury. Ack. before Sam. Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653. This was also found in The Essex Anitquatian Vol. 1 No. 3 March 1897 pg. 50.
Also found in the Essex Antiquarian Vol. 1 No. 7 July 1897 pg. 113 as follows:
Jno. Bayly of Nubery, weaver, with consent of my wife Ellnor, conveyed to Joannah, wife of Willi : Huntington of Salisbury, planter, and to Jno Huntington, her son and Mary Huntington, her daughter, a dewlling house and five acres of upland, bounded by Jno Wee, Jno Bayly, sen. late of Salisbury, deceased), Jarrett Haddon; also, 20 acres of upland,bounded by Richard Wells, Merrimack river; both lots being in Salisbury, on west side of Pawwaus river, 4 : 11 mo. : 1652 Signed by mark. Wit.Tho : Bradbury and Mary Bardbury her MB mark. Ack. before Sam : Winsley and Josiah Cobham, commissioners of Salisbury, 23 : 4 : 1653.
Passenger List of the ship James
In "The Planters of the Commonwealth" by Charles Edward Banks we find the passenger list of the James and this comment: "James of London, William Cooper, Master, three hundred tons. She sailed from Southampton April 5 and arrived June 3 with passengers and cattle. Winthrop calls me master 'Mrs. Graves' and says that 'he had come every year for these seven years'." Among the passengers our emigrants are listed as:
John Emery, 34 of Romsey Hants, Newbury, Carpenter
Anthony Emery of Romsey Hants, Newbury and Kittery, Carpenter
Mrs. Frances Emery
William Kemp, servant to Anthony Emery, Duxbury
There was a total of thirty-six men and fifty men and women aboard from Romsey.
The Rev. Joseph Avery, vicar of Romsey, had come to New England in 1634 and no doubt influenced many of his parishioners to follow; unfortunately, he drowned in 1635 while sailing from Newbury to Marblehead, Ma. As has been noted, there is reason to believe that head lent money at least to John Emery to bring himself and his family .
The passenger list refers to both of the Emery brothers as carpenters, but Anthony is seldom if ever referred to as such in later years. John evidently did follow the carpentry and cabinet making trade in New England, as we have seen, and both may have been so trained. Furthermore, their passage to New England was often better assured if they claimed a trade, even if they had no intention of following it.